|15 Sept. 2009|
Setakat ini dua orang telah mengirim jawapan yang layak diberi hadiah pertama dan hadiah kedua. Jika dibuat Google search kita akan dapati banyak penemuan tetapi kebanyakannya merupakan salinan daripada satu unsur. Ada juga maklumat yang tidak tepat.
Saya berkesempatan membuat kajian di London dalam tahun 2006. Hasil kajian itu, New Straits Times telah menemubual saya dan disiarkan pada 18 Ogos, 2006. Saya akan menulis lebih terperinci lagi dalam blog saya tidak lama lagi. Sementara itu di bawah ini disalinkan artikel yang dibuat oleh Sonia Ramachandran berdasarkan temubual dengan saya.
|Page Number :||12|
|Headline :||National flag chosen by people in one of country’s first public polls|
|Byline :||By Sonia Ramachandran|
| BANGI: Everyone knows the national flag was hoisted at the Selangor Clubfield just after midnight on Aug 31, 1957. But not many know that the flag first appeared in 1950, seven years
Designed by Public Works Department staff Mohamad Hamzah, the flag was
hoisted for the first time at the Istana Selangor grounds on May 26, 1950.
Interestingly, the design for the flag was selected by Malayans through
a public poll.
In fact, it was one of the first polls ever undertaken by the
When the Federation of Malaya was formed in favour of the Malayan Union
on Feb 1, 1948, it lacked its own flag and coat of arms.
The then Government held a nationwide contest, and 373 designs for the
national flag were submitted.
The judging committee of the Federal Legislative Council shortlisted
three, according to Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia School of Media and
Communication Studies lecturer Prof Dr Mohd Safar Hasim.
Safar’s fascination with the national flag was so great that when he
was in London to do some research two months ago, he visited the British
National Archives in Kew, London, to find out more about the flag.
He said the first design showed a circle of 11 white stars
(representing the nine states and two settlements then) on a blue
background. In the middle of the circle were two crossed red keris.
The second design consisted of a concentric circle of 11 stars around
crossed keris on a blue field.
The third design had 11 alternate blue and white stripes and a yellow
crescent and a five-pointed star on a red background in the top left hand
The Federal Legislative Council then put the designs to a vote by
publishing them in the only English paper printed locally at that time -
The Malay Mail. (The Straits Times was then published in Singapore.)
The third design was the choice of the people.
“That was one of the first polls asking the people’s opinion on
something the Government was embarking on,” said Safar.
The Federal Legislative Council then took an informal vote on the three
shortlisted designs with the first design getting 24 votes and the third,
47 votes. The second design did not get any vote.
“But by the time the informal vote was taken, there were already
changes being made to the third design, taking into account the people’s
“The blue stripes were now red and the star and crescent, white. The
points of the star were also increased to 11, and the crescent, which was
originally off-centre, was repositioned to its current position. The
background for the star and crescent was also now in blue.
“The star’s points were increased because we were fighting the
Communists at that time and the Chinese Communist flag had five points.”
The two designs were then presented to the Conference of Rulers on Feb
The then High Commissioner of the Federation, Sir Henry Gurney,
submitted an explanation for the third design to the Rulers.
During the meeting, the Sultan of Kedah, Tuanku Badli Shah ibni
al-Marhum Sultan Abdul Hamid Halim Shah, said all the colours
representing friendship with Britain and the Commonwealth were present
except for yellow, the accepted royal colour.
His sentiment was echoed by the Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Negri
Sembilan, Tuanku Abdul Rahman ibni Al-Marhum Tuanku Muhammad (who went on
to become the first Yang di-Pertuan Agong) and the Sultan of Pahang
Tuanku Abu Bakar Riayatuddin al-Muadzam Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan
The Sultan of Kelantan, Tuanku Ibrahim ibni al-Marhum Sultan Muhammad,
the Sultan of Selangor, Tuanku Hisamuddin Alam Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan
Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah and the Sultan of Perak, Tuanku Yusuf Izzuddin
Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Abdul Jalil Nasruddin Muhtaram Shah, however,
preferred the star and crescent to be in white but did not object to the
change to yellow.
On April 19, 1950 the flag was approved and sent to King George VI, who
gave his consent on May 19, 1950.
A letter from the Federation of Malaya Public Relations Department
acting deputy director Yaacob Latiff to the London Foreign Office dated
June 7, 1950, said the flag was hoisted for the first time at the Istana
Selangor grounds on May 26, 1950.
Together with the letter, three paper copies of the flag were sent to
the Foreign Office explaining that the 11 red and white stripes and
points of the star symbolised the unity of the nine states and two
The yellow star and crescent, it said, was the royal colour
representing the Sultanate Monarchies of the Malay States.
The main colours of red, white and blue represented the partnership
between the Federation of Malaya and the United Kingdom as well as the
Commonwealth of Nations.
When Malaya attained independence on Aug 31, 1957, the flag was adopted
as the national flag and when Malaysia came into being on Sept 16, 1963,
the flag became the Malaysian flag with two changes – the eleven stripes
and points of the star were increased to 14, taking into account Sabah,
Sarawak and Singapore.
Safar suggested that Mohamad Hamzah be honoured for his contribution.